Guidelines for safe clean-up of structurally compromised structures likely to contain asbestos
To demolish a fire-affected building without first removing the asbestos, an employer must apply for an acceptance from section 34 of the OHS Code. Under section 34 of the OHS Act, an OHS Director may issue an acceptance if work processes provide equal or greater protection to affected workers as that provided for in the OHS legislation.
Acceptances are issued to a particular employer; if a contractor is responsible for the demolition of more than one structure, they may apply for an acceptance that will relate to all of the locations in one application.
To apply for an acceptance from section 34 of the OHS Code, you must submit a written request to email@example.com. The request must include the following information:
The address(es) of the properties that require demolition. An acceptance can only be issued to one employer; however, it may apply to multiple work sites. To speed up the process, employers responsible for demolishing structures on a number of properties should include all of them in one application;
A description of the property/properties (include a site plan/map and photographs for each);
The estimated year of construction of the property/properties;
A description of neighboring occupied residences and their proximity to the properties covered by the acceptance;
The legal name of the employer/contractor completing the work;
A copy of any hazardous materials sampling data that has been completed for the structure including; lead, mercury, and asbestos, if available; and
If no sampling can be done, written confirmation from a structural engineer that the structure(s) are not sound (should be stamped).
Typical work procedures for demolition of a structure under an acceptance to section 34 of the OHS code:
In addition to the submitted procedures the employer, contractor, prime contractor, and workers must comply with all applicable sections of the Alberta OHS legislation.
The work procedures may vary according to the work site. The specifics of the work site must be considered and reflected in the accompanying work procedures.
A work perimeter of 30 metres or up to the property boundary, where possible, must be established including visible separation and signage (specify how this will be accomplished).
The signage must state the following:
Authorized personnel only
Eating, drinking, and smoking are prohibited.
When no work is occurring the work site must be secured (specify how this will be accomplished in the application).
The waste receptacles and equipment used for the project must be inside the perimeter
Workers must be trained in accordance with section 37 of the OHS Code (specify the type of asbestos training for all workers involved in the project in the application).
Transport drivers must have asbestos training in accordance with section 37 of the OHS Code in addition to emergency spill procedures.
Workers, including equipment operators, transport drivers, and labourers must be protected with appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE). This includes:
rubber steel toe boots, and
at minimum, a properly fitted half-mask respirator equipped with combination organic vapour/P100 cartridges (provide description of PPE that will be used in the application).
Demolition must be done by machine.
The structure must be pre-wetted and continuously wetted during the demolition process with enough volume to ensure the material is saturated (indicate how this will be accomplished in the application).
Work must be suspended when wind speeds are above 20 km/hr (measured by an anemometer). The material must be wetted and covered if possible (specify how the waste will be covered in the application).
All asbestos debris will be placed in properly lined waste bins or trailers, if the bins/trailers are not lined, provisions must be in place to decontaminate them (specify what will be done in the application).
The bins/trailers must be covered before leaving the work site to prevent dust from escaping during transport.
Additional procedures must be developed to address a possible collapse of the whole or part of the structure during demolition (specify the procedures in the application).
Should the work take more than one day to complete, the debris and waste must be wetted and covered overnight (specify how this will be accomplished in the application).
All materials must be handled as “asbestos waste”, as defined in the OHS Code. Note that disposal as asbestos waste may not be required (contact local disposal site for confirmation).
Any materials, such as the foundation, that are to be recycled must be cleaned and encapsulated (if this is the case, specify the materials and how they will be cleaned/sealed in the application).
Any visible contamination on the ground from the demolition must be cleaned.
Workers, including equipment operators, must decontaminate prior to leaving the work perimeter (specify how this will be done, note that showers are not mandated, but at minimum workers must have an area where they can clean their face and hands, take off equipment, dispose of used PPE and clean boots/respirators).
All PPE, equipment and tools must be decontaminated prior to leaving the work perimeter (specify how this will be done).
Waste Handling and Disposal:
All asbestos-contaminated materials, including used protective clothing and respirator cartridges, must be packaged for disposal as asbestos waste (as defined in the OHS Code).
The truck transporting the waste must do so in accordance with Transportation of Dangerous Goods (TDG) requirements.
Truck drivers must be in the trucks during loading with the windows up and air off.
All necessary information regarding the asbestos content of the waste, if it is available, must be forwarded to the landfill and transport company.
Documentation stating that the landfill has agreed to accept the asbestos containing waste must be submitted as part of the application package.
Waste must be covered overnight if it will be stored on site for more than one day.
At least one occupational air sample must be collected each day of work.
Air monitoring must be conducted in appropriate locations at the work perimeter including downwind (specify how many samples).
If any results are at 50 per cent or greater than the OEL of 0.1 f/cc within the work perimeter or at 10 percent of the OEL at the work perimeter, work must be suspended and procedures re-evaluated.
Air sample results must be available prior to the start of work the following day.
The Demolition Permit Information Package, Checklists & Application Form will assist those involved in demolition and cleanup efforts in Wood Buffalo.
As well as containing your application form, this package will help you to complete an appropriate Site Cleanup Plan and provide all the necessary documentation required to successfully apply for your permit.
If you have questions, please call 780-799-8695. or visit the Planning & Development office at Timberlea Landing (309 Powder Drive).
These FAQs are designed to provide information about waste management and disposal of debris and damaged property as a result of the May 2016 wildfires. This guide is for general information only and may not apply to every individual circumstance.
Where is the Regional Landfill?
The Landfill is located off of Highway 63, south of the city. (Approximately 1 km from Highway 69 or the Airport Road turn off, on the opposite side.)
What are the Landfill fees?
Refer to RMWB Utility Rates Bylaw No. 10/001, Schedule “A” – Solid Waste Disposal Rates. (The bylaw is presently being amended. Revised rates to be shared with the public when available.)
What are the Landfill hours of operation?
As of July 4, 2016, hours are 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. Landfill staff are working to extend their working hours and the public will be notified when those changes are in place.
What waste characterization testing is required before disposal?
Waste characterization testing will depend on the type of property that needs to be disposed.
Residential properties (that did not have a home business attached) do not require any advance cleanup testing of the soil or the ash. This sampling has already been performed by the Regional Emergency Operations Centre team. Residential properties that had a home business attached may require waste characterization testing. If your home business required the use or storage of hazardous chemicals (such as: oil, lubricants, cleaners, preservatives, etc.), testing may be required. These properties will be dealt with on a case-by-case basis and testing will reflect the nature of the business. Please contact the Regional Landfill at firstname.lastname@example.org for more information.
Commercial properties will require testing of the ash and soil prior to disposal. Commercial properties will be dealt with on a case-by-case basis and testing requirements will reflect the nature of the business. Please contact the Regional Landfill at email@example.com for more information.
Not-for-profit organizations will be dealt with on a case-by-case basis and are asked to contact the Regional Landfill at firstname.lastname@example.org for more information.
Do I have to separate my debris?
Yes, debris must be separated prior to being disposed of at the landfill. We are asking for the following segregation to take place prior to delivering to the landfill:
Metals: appliances, BBQs, exercise equipment, beams, railings, etc.
Concrete: bricks, patio stones, asphalt, porcelain fixtures, etc.
Hazardous waste: propane tanks, paint, batteries, etc.
Electronics: TVs, computers, printers, etc.
Trees and shrubs: burned, chipped or in manageable sizes
Lumber: clean untreated lumber can be recycled and should be kept separate
What do I do with my damaged vehicle(s), quad, boat, etc.?
The Regional Landfill does not accept damaged vehicles, quads, boats or other similar items.
If you have insurance, contact your insurance provider to report the loss and seek disposal directions.
If you do not have insurance, contact a scrap metal company or a junkyard.
I had a gun cabinet, firearms or ammunition (or ammunition making supplies) in my home. How do I handle these items?
Ensure you advise any onsite contractor that these items may still be onsite. If the gun cabinet and/or ammunition appear to have survived the fire or damage, they are still dangerous. Contact the Regional Landfill immediately at email@example.com and we will direct you on how to safely dispose of the items. Do not place these items in with your debris or ash for disposal.
What if I have a home business, do I have to do anything special?
Depending on what your home business entailed, you may be required to dispose of debris in a special way or undertake special testing. Please contact the Landfill office at firstname.lastname@example.org for direction.
Because the structure is gone, this is not considered a demolition project. That means an acceptance from section 34 of the OHS Code (which allows a building to be demolished without first removing the asbestos) is not required if residual asbestos materials may be present.
Follow these procedures for remediation work:
Separate off work area with perimeter taping or other barriers.
Ensure waste materials are thoroughly soaked with water before disturbing. Additional wetting may be required once the bonding encapsulate surface is broken to ensure that the materials underneath are wet.
Conduct removal by machine; workers in excavating equipment should keep windows closed and air conditioning systems on.
If you cannot use excavating equipment, provide workers with protective equipment (see below).
To facilitate cleaning and because the pH of the waste may be high, waste bins should be lined with polyethylene sheeting (or similar).
During transport of waste to the disposal site, the waste must be kept covered.
Recommended protective equipment within the work perimeter:
Minimum half-face NIOSH-approved respirator with minimum combination organic vapour/P100 cartridges (not required for equipment operators if windows of equipment can be kept closed).
New cartridges should be changed at the beginning of each work day or in accordance with the calculated change out schedule, whichever time period is lower. If a change out schedule cannot be calculated, replace cartridges at the beginning of each work day.
Impermeable protective coveralls and gloves (gloves should be taped to sleeves of coveralls).
Rubber steel toed boots (coveralls should extend over boots, not be inside).
Protective eyewear with side shields or goggles (not required by equipment operators if windows of equipment can be kept closed).
If a full facepiece respirator is used, protective eyewear is not required.
Workers should be provided with site-specific decontamination procedure training prior to the start of work.
Provide an area just outside the work perimeter where workers can wash their face and hands and take off personal protective equipment. The area should include disposal bins for used coveralls/gloves/cartridges and an area to clean boots and respirators. The area should be supplied with clean water and a water/mild detergent solution.
Equipment and tires of vehicles transporting waste out of area should be cleaned prior to moving to a new area. For excavators, the key areas to be cleaned are tires and scoops.
Wipe down interiors of excavators with a wet cloth at the end of each work day and park them with windows closed.
Workers must not bring any equipment or protective clothing from the work area home or to their accommodations unless it has been cleaned.
A clean area (such as a trailer) should be provided for workers to eat, drink and have breaks. Soiled/used protective equipment should not be brought into this area—workers must decontaminate before eating, drinking or using tobacco products.
Because heat stress may become a hazard, ensure workers are trained to recognize the signs of heat stress, have plenty of drinking water available and implement a work/rest schedule.
See information on working in hot weather, below, for a tool that can be used to assess whether measures are needed for heat-related hazards.
If a worker’s skin comes into contact with the waste, the affected area with should be washed with clean water and soap as soon as possible.
Employers must also ensure other applicable provisions (e.g. first aid, excavating, etc.) in the OHS Code are complied with during the work. Conduct occupational monitoring during the work to help evaluate work procedures and personal protective equipment.
If you are a builder who intends to construct homes in the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo (RMWB), you must comply with the builder information disclosure requirements. Information provided will be published in the RMWB Builder Registry as a resource for home owners who are planning to rebuild or build in the RMWB.
Information is provided to the Government of Alberta in the form of a declaration which must be signed and witnessed by a Commissioner of Oaths. The declaration includes a statement indicating your understanding of government expectations (e.g., applicable legislation and building codes), and requests details of the following as related to your business:
• residential construction history • financial indicators • outstanding fines or orders
Incomplete or incorrect information could delay or prevent obtaining a building permit.